Technology is constantly updating at such a rapid pace that it seems to be faster than light! The technology or programming language that makes the rounds this week may be out of date in the next few days!. As More and more students enrol in the field of computer science. Recent statistics show that computer science graduates have a chance to start their careers with the highest paying salaries compared to other fields. They’re high in demand, and they can afford to be picky about their industry to start with.Technology has grown exponentially over the last decades, and industries are looking for new computer science technology graduates who can join their team and help them transform their ideas in a better way.
Latest Technology Trends of 2021 in Computer Science
Here are some of the latest trending technologies that are sure to dominate the IT industry in 2021 and the upcoming years –
1.Artificial Intelligence (AI)
Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a technology used to equip computer systems with the ability to make decisions like humans. Being one of the leading technologies when AI programmes are fed to systems, the aim is to mimic human intelligence for complex tasks such as pattern recognition, speech recognition, weather forecasting and medical diagnosis.
AI is used in navigation-based applications such as Uber, voice assistants such as Siri, video streaming services such as Netflix, IoT devices, and search engines such as Google and Bing. AI helps with automating tasks such as traffic, scheduling trains, making business predictions and designing driverless cars
With the global growth of the robotics industry, its value is expected to increase by $80 billion by 2024, and students should consider it a perfect opportunity to pursue it as a career. This is one of the most intriguing options for computer science students, and all multinational tech giants are continually investing in this field.
Students should study deeply about this field before opting for it as a career. AI will create jobs in areas such as testing, support, maintenance, programming and data science. So, learning AI will help you secure jobs such as
- Machine Learning Engineer
- Data Scientist
- Computer Vision Engineer
- Business Intelligence Developer
- Data Analyst
Companies investing in AI: Google, Apple, Amazon, IBM
2.Big Data Analytics
Big Data Analytics has been on the market for quite some time now. More and more companies are adopting it to go beyond the traditional means of data storage and processing. Data holds the key of today’s fold and unfolds dynamics for critical decision-making, business, marketing, etc. It revolves around the problems that have occurred in the past and proposes successful solutions to these situations.
These data-based decisions prove to be more accurate, minimise human error and maximise the expected efficiency of the industries. Big Data also provides interesting trends, such as Decision Intelligence, which provides a framework to help data engineers design, model, implement and monitor decision models and processes in the context of business outcomes and behaviour. In fact, by 2023, more than 33% of large organisations will have analysts practising decision-making intelligence.
Companies investing in Big Data Analytics: Amazon, Netflix, Starbucks, Spotify, Google, Adobe
Cyber Security teaches how to protect operating systems, networks and data from cyber attacks. It helps reduce risks and tracks all threats that may affect the system. This digital era shows that there are numerous opportunities for hackers to attack systems and networks, and that additional measures need to be taken to protect their data.Now, cybersecurity is nothing new, but it’s definitely a trend!
- Virtual Dispersive Network (VDN) is a unique approach to cyber security, where a signal is transmitted in short bursts or quantum packets that cannot be read in secret without disrupting their content. Basically, no one can intercept the data sent to you without any noise in it.
- Blockchain Cybersecurity is a more modular, responsive security approach by centralizing orchestration and distributing enforcement.
It’s starting to dawn on companies that having an effective cyber security strategy is not just a luxury, it’s an absolute necessity.
Companies investing in Cybersecurity: CISCO, RedHat, IBM
Edge computing is the newest technology trend that is rapidly gaining popularity. The technology is based on the idea of putting computing power as close to the data source as possible. This aids in bandwidth and latency reduction.
The technology aims to run fewer processes in the cloud and move them to places like the user’s computer or an edge server. Bridging the gap between data and computation reduces long-distance communication between the server and the client, resulting in increased process speed.Edge computing is therefore used to handle time-sensitive data stored in remote locations with limited connectivity to the central location. Cloud computing and IoT devices will benefit from the technology.
A new field has recently emerged under the umbrella of computer science, and it is expected to grow even more in the year 2020. Edge computing refers to a set of applications that are used in a variety of industries. Its popularity grows with each passing day because it provides everything required in the industry, including customised factors at the development level.
Companies investing in Edge computing: MobiledgeX, SWIM.AI, Mutable
5.Tactile Virtual Reality
AR and VR are two examples of innovative technologies that provide more immersive experiences. Virtual Reality immerses the user in a simulated environment, whereas Augmented Reality is a technology overlay over the real world. According to Cisco, AR-VR traffic will grow 12-fold in all fields of entertainment by 2022.
Touch allows us to gain a better understanding of things that we can’t fully experience with our eyes or ears. Tactile Virtual Reality is a solution to this problem. It combines several types of technologies, such as sensors and advanced optics, into a single device that allows you to overlay augmented digital content in your real-time environment.
Companies investing in Tactile VR: Oculus, Virtuix, Cisco
6.Robotic Process Automation
Similar to artificial intelligence, robotic process automation (RPA) is a technology for automating daily tasks. The software is used to automate tasks like handling and responding to emails, processing transactions, and managing business data.
This technology is used to automate low-level employee tasks for higher-ranking officials. More than 40% of daily tasks can be automated with RPA. More than 60% of all repetitive tasks can be partially automated using RPA, according to McKinsey. As a result, this technology will put a lot of jobs at risk.
The different RPA job roles are as follows:
- RPA Developer
- RPA Business Analyst
- RPA Consultant
- RPA Solution Architect
- RPA Project Manager
Companies investing in RPA: TCS, Tech Mahindra, Vodafone, Virtual Operations
Everything-as-a-Service (XaaS) is a cloud computing term for the wide range of services and applications that are becoming available for users to access on-demand over the Internet rather than on-premises. It gives you the freedom to customise your computing environments on-demand to create the experiences you want. XaaS has grown to include a variety of services, including:
As these applications become more portable, compute cycles become easier to procure in real-time, data integration platforms simplify connectivity, and vendors form cross-platform alliances, the multi-cloud trend may soon morph into an Omni-cloud trend.
Companies investing in XaaS: HPC, RedHat, VMWare, AWS, Google Cloud, Microsoft Azure
Blockchain is the technology that underpins electronic currencies like Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies. A Blockchain, in simple terms, is an electronic ledger that can be shared among multiple users. This aids in the creation of a permanent record of transactions. Each of these records has a time stamp and is connected to the one before it.
As a result, whenever a new transaction is entered into the ledger, it is added to the chain of transactions, hence the name. After all of the parties who contribute to the ledger agree, the blockchain is updated. A block cannot be erased once new data has been fed into it. As a result, technology becomes verifiable and secure.This transaction validation helps businesses save money by eliminating the need to pay a third party. Because the technology is decentralised, the system is extremely secure, and there is no need to pay for centralised entities. With Blockchain, transactions are easier to track.
Companies investing in Blockchain: SALT Lending, IBM ,Mythical Games, Voatz
Here we come to the end of our article. In this article, we had a brief description of the five latest technologies that are Artificial Intelligence, Big Data Analytics, Cyber Security, Edge Computing, Virtual Reality, robotic process automation, Everything-as-a-Service and Blockchain in detail. These eight technologies in computer science are storming the industry.